The Athens Conference is an urban manifesto conceived at the IV International Congress of Modern Architecture (CIAM) held on board the Patris II in 1933 during the Marseille-Athens-Marseille route (Due to some problems with some Soviet organizers, celebrated in Moscow, as planned) being published in 1942 by Sert and Le Corbusier. Checkout more information on the homepage http://www.swws2016.gr.
The Athens Conference has requested in terms of room:
That the neighborhoods occupy housing in the future, in the Urban Space, in the best locations, taking advantage of the topography, taking into account the climate, sunlight and green areas that are possible.
The Choice of Housing Areas is dictated for hygienic reasons
That reasonable densities are imposed, according to the forms of housing imposed by the very nature of the land
The alignment of the houses along the communication routes must be prohibited
take into account the resources of modern technology to build tall buildings and, built at a great distance from one another, free the soil in favor of large green areas.
The Athens Conference is committed to a functional separation of places of residence, leisure and work by questioning the character and density of the traditional city. In this treaty the placement of the buildings in large green areas is proposed. The articles of the Conference are accompanied by explanations written by Le Corbusier and by Jeanne de Villeneuve, Baroness of Aubigny.1
These precepts had a great influence on the development of European cities after the Second World War and on the design of Brasilia.
The original ideas of the Athens Conference are strongly influenced by Cornelis van Esteren’s exposition “the idea of the functional city” of 1928.
The manifesto has been criticized for simplifying some of its contents.